To Syncratize is a variant spelling of
the term "syncretize", which means to attempt to unite and harmonize
especially without critical examination or logical unity. The key emphasis is in our view
that the Heart is the key, through which we aim
to empathize with how others think and feel from
their own point of view. This ability to consider others points of view can unite and harmonize our differences
into the building blocks for true sustainable peace in our world. |
To Syncretize is to combine different, often seemingly contradictory beliefs,
while melding practices of various schools of thought.
This is essentually how the religions of today have evolved into what they are today.
Syncretism involves the merger and analogizing of several originally discrete traditions,
especially in the theology and mythology of religion, thus asserting an underlying unity
and allowing for an inclusive approach to other faiths.
Syncretism also occurs commonly in expressions of arts and culture
(known as eclecticism) as well as politics (syncretic politics).
The Oxford English Dictionary first attests the word syncretism in English in 1618.
It derives from modern Latin syncretismus, drawing on Greek (synkretismos),
meaning "Cretan federation".
The Greek word occurs in Plutarch's (1st century AD) essay on "Fraternal Love"
in his Moralia (2.490b). He cites the example of the Cretans, who compromised
and reconciled their differences and came together in alliance when faced with external dangers.
"And that is their so-called Syncretism".
Erasmus probably coined the modern usage of the Latin word in his Adagia ("Adages"),
published in the winter of 1517-1518, to designate the coherence of dissenters
in spite of their differences in theological opinions. In a letter to Melanchthon
of April 22, 1519, Erasmus specifically adduced the Cretans of Plutarch
as an example of his adage "Concord is a mighty rampart".
"The true magic of the Golden Rule
Lives within the Heart of me and you
To Love one another as we'd love to be loved anew
Because when we get right down to it�
We are all different expressions of the same ONE too
From Our Own individual point of view."
-- by Charles of www.youtube.com/user/Positive777
Social and political roles .:
Overt syncretism in folk belief may show cultural acceptance of an alien or previous tradition,
but the "other" cult may survive or infiltrate without authorized syncresis nevertheless.
For example, some Conversos developed a sort of cult for martyr-victims of the Spanish Inquisition,
thus incorporating elements of Catholicism while resisting it.
Some religious movements have embraced overt syncretism, such as the case of melding
Shinto beliefs into Buddhism or the amalgamation of Germanic and Celtic pagan views
into Christianity during its spread into Gaul, the British Isles, Germany, and Scandinavia.
Indian influences are seen in the practice of Shi'i Islam in Trinidad.
Others have strongly rejected it as devaluing and compromising precious
and genuine distinctions; examples of this include post-Exile Second Temple Judaism,
Islam, and most of Protestant Christianity.
Syncretism tends to facilitate coexistence and unity between otherwise different
cultures and worldviews (intercultural competence), a factor that has recommended
it to rulers of multi-ethnic realms. Conversely, the rejection of syncretism,
usually in the name of "piety" and "orthodoxy", may help to generate,
bolster or authenticate a sense of uncompromised cultural unity
in a well-defined minority or majority.
Religious syncretism .:
Religious syncretism exhibits blending of two or more religious belief systems into a new system,
or the incorporation into a religious tradition of beliefs from unrelated traditions.
This can occur for many reasons, and the latter scenario happens quite commonly
in areas where multiple religious traditions exist in proximity and function
actively in the culture, or when a culture is conquered, and the conquerors bring
their religious beliefs with them, but do not succeed in entirely eradicating the
old beliefs or, especially, practices.
Religions may have syncretic elements to their beliefs or history, but adherents
of so-labeled systems often frown on applying the label, especially adherents who
belong to "revealed" religious systems, such as the Abrahamic religions,
or any system that exhibits an exclusivist approach. Such adherents sometimes see
syncretism as a betrayal of their pure truth. By this reasoning,
adding an incompatible belief corrupts the original religion,
rendering it no longer true. Indeed, critics of a specific syncretistic
trend may sometimes use the word "syncretism" as a disparaging epithet,
as a charge implying that those who seek to incorporate a new view, belief,
or practice into a religious system actually distort the original faith.
Non-exclusivist systems of belief, on the other hand, may feel quite free to
incorporate other traditions into their own. Others state that the term
syncretism is an elusive one, and can be applied to refer to substitution or
modification of the central elements of a dominant religion by beliefs or practices
introduced from somewhere else. The consequence under this definition,
according to Keith Ferdinando, is a fatal compromise of the dominant religion's integrity.
In modern secular society, religious innovators sometimes create new religions
syncretically as a mechanism to reduce inter-religious tension and enmity,
often with the effect of offending the original religions in question.
Such religions, however, do maintain some appeal to a less exclusivist audience.
Discussions of some of these blended religions appear in the individual sections below.